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Epic layout photos showcase the vision for a floating water city in Maldives

By Scott Gleeson
Usa Today
2022.June.22

A Dutch architectural firm is poised to build an innovative floating city in the Maldives, a Southern Asia nation of islands located in the Indian Ocean.

The city, designed by Dutch firm Waterstudio, is slated to house 20,000 people in a web of 5,000 floating buildings, all of which will include homes, shops and even schools, according to the official website for Maldives Floating City. They’ll all be interspersed as a mass of modular floating platforms in the pattern of a brain coral.

The floating city will be located just 10 minutes by boat from Male, the capital of the Maldives. The project is headed by Waterstudio in collaboration with developer Dutch Docklands and the local government in Male. Koen Olthuis told CNN the city will feature studio apartments for $150,000 and family units for $250,000.

Utopian desert city Telosa: Billionaire Marc Lore outlines how he will build the inclusive city

“With its unique location in a paradisiacal setting, we are extremely proud to launch the first Floating City in the world,” said Paul HTM van de Camp, CEO of Dutch Docklands, in a news release. “This will be an amazing place where locals and foreigners can buy their dream property at affordable prices”

The designs of the floating city are aimed to offer a solution to the threat of rising sea levels for generations ahead, Maldives president Mohamed Nasheed said in a news release.

“This Maldives Floating City does not require any land reclamation, therefore has a minimal impact on the coral reefs. What’s more: giant, new reefs will be grown to act as water breakers. Our adaption to climate change mustn’t destroy nature but work with it, as the Maldives Floating City proposes. In the Maldives we cannot stop the waves, but we can rise with them.”

Below is a look at some of the epic images, provided to USA TODAY by Waterstudio.

An exterior look of the floating water city slated to be built in Maldives.
An exterior look of the floating water city slated to be built in Maldives.
WATERSTUDIO/DUTCH DOCKLANDS MALDIVES
An interior look at designs for the floating water city in Maldives.
An interior look at designs for the floating water city in Maldives.
WATERSTUDIO/DUTCH DOCKLANDS (MALDIVES)
A look at the town of a floating water city in Maldives.
A look at the town of a floating water city in Maldives.
WATERSTUDIO/DUTCH DOCKLANDS (MALDIVES)
The floating water city of Maldives up close.
The floating water city of Maldives up close.
WATERSTUDIO/DUTCH DOCKLANDS (MALDIVES)

A floating city is coming up in Maldives amidst rising sea level

By C. Krishnasai
Wion
2022.June.22

(Credit: Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands) The project is slated to be finished by 2027 Photograph:( Agencies )

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

The first units will be unveiled this month (June), with prices starting at $150,000 for a studio apartment, and going up to $250,000 for a family home

Amidst looming environmental crisis and rising sea level, a floating city is being made just 10-minute boat ride from Maldives’ Male city in the Indian Ocean.

According to CNN, the city will be designed resembling a brain coral. It will consist of 5,000 floating units including houses, restaurants, shops and schools, with canals running in between.

The first units will be unveiled this month (June), with prices starting at $150,000 for a studio apartment, and going up to $250,000 for a family home.

The developers are expecting residents to begin moving into the island in early 2024, with the whole city due to be completed by 2027.

The Maldives Floating City, developed jointly by the Dutch firm Waterstudio and the Maldives government, aims to house 20,000 people in less than five years.

Notably, this will be the second floating city in world. The first one was announced in April by the United Nations off South Korea’s second-largest city, Busan. Known as Oceanix City, it plans to provide homes for a community of 12,000 people, potentially rising to 100,000, with construction due to start in 2023.

This is “new hope” for the more than half a million people of the Maldives, said Koen Olthuis, founder of Waterstudio, the architecture firm that designed the city.

“It can prove that there is affordable housing, large communities, and normal towns on the water that are also safe. They (Maldivians) will go from climate refugees to climate innovators,” he told CNN.

Features of Maldives Floating City includes rainbow-colored homes designed to attract local people. Wide balconies and seafront views are added onto each home. For transportation, residents will get around on boats, or they can walk, cycle or drive electric scooters or buggies.

Floating city“Tech is not the problem, but it is the regulatory framework that takes time to adjust,” Olthuis explained.

“Money talks and so this means when authorities understand that the cost of floating development are lower than the cost of destruction of waterfront infrastructure and properties then this next shift in city development will fly.”

click here for source website

the maldives is building a floating ‘island city’ in response to rising sea levels

 

WATERSTUDIO + DUTCH DOCKLANDS BUILD MALDIVES FLOATING CITY

Architecture firm Waterstudio has teamed up with Dutch Docklands to develop a floating city that responds efficiently to the threat of the rising seas in the Maldives. The project, which was created in collaboration with the local government, is located in a warm-water lagoon just minutes away from the Maldivian capital. This first-of-its-kind ‘island city’ consists of 5,000 floating units, including dwellingsrestaurants, businesses, and schools, with canals running between them in a pattern similar to brain coral. Inhabitants are expected to begin moving into the complex in early 2024 while the entire city will be completed by 2027.

 

MODELED AFTER AN ACTUAL BRAIN CORAL

The Maldives Floating City serves as the beginning of a new era in which Maldivians return to the ocean through durable, environmentally friendly floating constructions. The newly unveiled project features a unique nature-inspired road and water canal system modeled after the efficient structure of actual brain coral. In this way, the complex projects and stimulates coral growth by creating blue ecosystems above and beneath the sea surface. Artificial coral banks will be linked to the city’s underbelly, encouraging natural coral growth. The lagoon’s submerged and protected coral reefs will act as a natural wave breaker, providing occupants with comfort and safety when combined with the interconnected grid of floating structures.

 

A SEA-LEVEL RISE-PROOF URBAN DEVELOPMENT

The architects at Waterstudio and the developers at Dutch Docklands envision the floating metropolis as a next-generation structure that balances sustainability and livability. The project is being created as a practical solution to the hard reality of sea-level rise, rather than just a future ideal. Its smart infrastructure and dynamic, adaptable configuration can respond to weather and climate change, as the city will rise with the tide.

The structure protects and enriches the pristine maritime ecosystem by employing innovative sustainable development technology and ecological best practices. The project seeks to deliver security and development space to the Maldives, as well as a mix of green technology, safety, commercial feasibility, and a healthy new lifestyle that will serve as the foundation for future floating cities. As a result, the Maldivians’ fate will be rewritten from climate exiles to climate innovators.

 

A floating city is being built in the Maldives. It comprises a web of residences, shops, and schools that will one day be home to 20,000 people.

By Cheryl Teh
Business Insider
2022.June.22

An aerial mockup of the Maldives Floating City
The Maldives Floating City is slated for completion in 2027, and is projected to house 20,000 people in 5,000 floating, modular units. 
Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands
  • A Dutch developer is building a sprawling, floating city in the Maldives.
  • The city is slated to house 20,000 people in a web of 5,000 floating buildings.
  • These buildings will include homes, shops, and even schools — all located 10 minutes away from Male.

A Dutch architectural firm is on a mission to create a floating city located just 10 minutes away from Male.

The Maldives Floating City, designed by Dutch firm Waterstudio, is an expansive mass of modular floating platforms in the pattern of a brain coral.

Koen Olthuis, the founder of Waterstudio, the architectural firm behind the city, told Insider that the project is a collaboration between the Dutch Docklands, a local developer, and the local government in Male. One of its aims is to free up more room for housing on the mainland.

Olthuis told Insider that building the floating city would also offer a solution to the threat of rising sea levels for generations to come.

“It will be a walkable city with floating streets, utilizing boats for the transport of goods and people within the city, and to the capital city of Male,” Olthuis said.

 

He added that the cost of living in the city itself would be comparable to local land-based developments in the Maldives.

“In 2027, we should have 20,000 people living in 5,000 houses,” Olthius estimated.

A mock-up image of the Maldives Floating City
A virtual mock-up of the Maldives Floating City shows azure seas with boats used for transporting residents from module to module, and to the mainland. 
Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands

According to CNN, the city will be opening up its first units for viewing this month, with prices starting at $150,000 for a studio apartment, and going up to $250,000 for a family home. The developers expect residents to begin moving into the island in early 2024, with the whole city due to be completed by 2027.

Per the developer’s press release, the city will comprise modular, hexagonal segments connected to an outer ring of barrier islands. The bottom portion of the city will be attached to stabilizers that buttress it against the waves while also keeping the buildings and structures safe against the current.

Click here for source website

Click here for the project

A modern marvel? Floating city rising from the Indian Ocean

By Star digital Report
2022.June.21

Maldives Floating City

Photo courtesy: Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands

A city is rising from the Indian Ocean.

The floating city large enough to house 20,000 people is being built in a turquoise lagoon – just 10 minutes by boat from Male, the Maldivian capital, CNN reports.

The city will be built in the shape of a brain coral, with 5,000 floating units including houses, restaurants, shops, and schools with canals running in between. The first units will be unveiled this month, with residents expected to begin moving in early 2024, and the entire city is expected to be finished by 2027, the CNN report said.

The project, a collaboration between property developer Dutch Docklands and the Maldives government, is not intended to be a wild experiment or a futuristic vision. It is being built as a practical solution to the harsh reality of sea-level rise, CNN said.

Maldives Floating City

Photo courtesy: Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands

The Maldives is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. Eighty percent of its land area is less than one meter above sea level, and with levels expected to rise up to a meter by the end of the century, nearly the entire country could be submerged, said the report published on June 20, 2022.

But a floating city could rise with the sea

This is “new hope” for the more than half a million people of the Maldives, said Koen Olthuis, founder of architecture firm Waterstudio that designed the city. “It can prove that there is affordable housing, large communities, and normal towns on the water that are also safe. They (Maldivians) will go from climate refugees to climate innovators,” he told CNN.

According to the report, the project’s goal is to build a city for 20,000 people in less than five years. Other floating city plans, including Oceanix City in Busan, South Korea, and a series of floating islands in the Baltic Sea developed by the Dutch company Blue21 have been announced, but none compete with this scale and timeframe of this project.

The Maldives’ capital is vastly overcrowded, with no room for expansion other than into the sea, it said.

Maldives Floating City

Photo courtesy: Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands

The modular units are built in a nearby shipyard and then towed to the floating city. They are then attached to a large underwater concrete hull that is screwed to the seabed on telescopic steel stilts that allow it to gently fluctuate with the waves. The coral reefs that surround the city act as a natural wave breaker, stabilizing it and preventing seasickness.

Olthuis told CNN that the structure’s potential environmental impact was rigorously assessed by local coral experts and approved by government authorities before construction began. Artificial coral banks made of glass foam are connected to the city’s underside to support marine life, which he claims helps stimulate coral growth naturally.

There will be electricity, powered predominantly by solar generated on site, and sewage will be treated locally and repurposed as plant manure. Instead of air conditioning, the city will use deep water sea cooling, which involves pumping cold water from the deep sea into the lagoon, thereby saving energy, the report said.

The goal is for the city to be self-sufficient and to perform all of the same functions as a city on land.

click here for source website

Gigantikus úszóvárost építenek a Maldív-szigeteknél

By Hetek.hu
2022.June.21
Gigantikus úszóvárost építenek a Maldív-szigeteknél
A LEBEGŐ VÁROS HÚSZEZER EMBERNEK AD MAJD OTTHONT

Gigantikus úszóvárost építenek a Maldív-szigeteknél

forrás: Youtube/DutchDocklands Maldives

Húszezer lakosnak otthont adó, úszó város épül az Indiai-óceánon, a Maldív-szigeteknél. A CNN online kiadásának hétfői cikke szerint a klímaváltozás miatt emelkedő tengerszint kihívására választ adó projekt öt éven belül készül el teljesen.
Az agykorall mintázatához hasonlóan tervezett város ötezer vízen lebegő egységből áll majd, házak, éttermek, üzletek és iskolák is lesznek, közöttük pedig csatornák futnak. Az első egységeket ebben a hónapban mutatják be, a lakók 2024 elején kezdhetnek beköltözni, az egész város pedig 2027-re készül el.

A város egy türkizkék lagúnában, mindössze tíz percnyi hajóútra Malétól, a Maldív-szigetek fővárosától épül a Dutch Doklands holland ingatlanfejlesztő és a Maldív-szigetek kormányának közös vállalkozásaként.

Az 1190 szigetből álló Maldív-szigetek a világ egyik legsebezhetőbb országa az éghajlatváltozás szempontjából: területének mintegy 80 százaléka fekszik kevesebb mint egy méterrel a tengerszint felett, és mivel az évszázad végére akár egy métert is emelkedhet a tengerszint, szinte az egész ország víz alá kerülhet.

Az úszó várost tervező Waterstudio építésziroda alapítója, Koen Olthuis szerint a vízen lebegő város új reményt adhat a Maldív-szigetek több mint félmillió lakosa számára.

Létrehozása bebizonyíthatja, hogy létezik biztonságos és megfizethető megoldás nagy közösségek számára

– fűzte hozzá.

A 2000-es évek elején alapított Waterstudio az elmúlt két évtizedben több mint 300 úszó otthont, irodát, iskolát és egészségügyi központot tervezett világszerte.

Hollandia élen jár ebben a kérdésben, az éghajlatváltozáshoz való alkalmazkodás megoldásaival foglalkozó Global Center on Adaptation (GCA) központja is egy úszó irodaépület Hollandiában, ahol úszó parkok és egy úszó tejgazdaság is található.

A Maldív-szigeteki projekt keretében kevesebb mint öt év alatt tervezik felépíteni a 20 ezer lakosnak otthont adó várost. Bár más úszó városok is épülnek, köztük a dél-koreai Puszanban tervezett Oceanix City, vagy a Balti-tengerre tervezett úszó szigetek, egyik sem vetekedhet ezzel a léptékkel és gyorsasággal.

A Maldív-szigeteknél épülő város színes házakkal, széles erkélyekkel és tengerparti kilátással vonzza a helyi lakosságot. A lakók csónakokon közlekedhetnek majd a lagúnákon vagy gyalog, kerékpárral, illetve elektromos robogókkal az utcákon.

Az árak Olthuis szerint versenyképesek: 150 ezer dollárnál (57 millió forint) kezdődik egy lakás és 250 ezer dollárnál (95 millió forint) egy családi ház ára.

A moduláris egységek egy helyi hajógyárban készülnek, majd az úszó városba vontatják őket. Miután a helyükre kerültek, egy nagy víz alatti betontesthez rögzítik őket, amely teleszkópos acélcölöpökkel kapaszkodik a tengerfenékbe. A környező korallzátonyok természetes hullámtörőként védik a várost, amely így szelíden ringatózik a vízen.

Olthuis reméli, hogy az úszó város olyan válasz lehet az éghajlatváltozásra és az urbanizációra, amely egyszerre praktikus és megfizethető.

click here for source website

Werden Städte bald schon schwimmen?

Die presse
2022.June.21

Was wie ein extravagantes Architekturprojekt aussieht, ist die pragmatische Antwort auf den steigenden Meeresspiegel.

Was nach ferner Zukunftsmusik klingt, ist schon ab 2024 beziehbar. Eine Stadt, die sich aus den Gewässern des Indischen Ozeans erhebt, also quasi schwimmt. Und zwar zehn Bootsminuten von Male, der Hauptstadt der Malediven, entfernt. 20.000 Menschen sollen dort Platz finden, ist die Stadt erst einmal fertig. 2027 soll es so weit sein, getüftelt wird seit 13 Jahren, sagt Mohamed Nasheed, ehemaliger Präsident der Malediven und Ozeanograf in einem Interview.

Nun wurden die ersten Einheiten vorgestellt. Neben Wohnhäusern wird es Restaurants, Geschäfte, Krankenhäuser und Schulen geben, außerdem einen Yachthafen. Insgesamt 5000 Einheiten sollen entlang eines flexiblen, funktionalen Rasters schwimmen, über eine 200 Hektar große Lagune, so auf der Webseite des Projekts zu lesen. Die sechseckigen Segmente sind zum Teil der charakteristischen Geometrie der Korallen dort nachempfunden. Gezüchtete Korallenriffe rund um die Stadt sollen als Wellenbrecher dienen und die Stadt zu stabilisieren, erklärt Nasheed in einer Mitteilung.

Jedes der Häuser liegt direkt am Meer.
Jedes der Häuser liegt direkt am Meer. Waterstudio/Dutch Docklands Maldives

In den vergangenen Jahren wurden bereits Pläne für andere schwimmende Städte vorgestellt, etwa Oceanix City in Südkorea, und schwimmende Wohneinheiten in der Ostsee. In Umfang und Zeitplan ist die Maledives Floating City jedoch weltweit die erste ihrer Art.

Der Spiegel steigt und steigt

Gedacht ist das Projekt übrigens nicht als ausgefallenes Designexperiment, es ist schlichtweg eine pragmatische Antwort auf den Anstieg des Meeresspiegels. Das Projekt entstand in gemeinsamer Sache eines niederländischen Unternehmens, Dutch Docklands, und der Regierung der Malediven. Ersteres ist spezialisiert auf die Konstruktion schwimmender Residenzen (Stichwort: Hausboot).

Als Archipel aus 1190 Inseln, gehören die Malediven zu den Ländern, die am stärksten vom Klimawandel betroffen sind. 99,6 Prozent des Landes besteht aus Wasser, etwa achtzig Prozent der Fläche liegen weniger als einen Meter über dem Meeresspiegel. Prognosen zufolge soll dieser bis zum Ende des Jahrhunderts um bis zu einem Meter steigen, womit die gesamte Nation unter Wasser wäre.

Wenn eine Stadt aber schwimmt, kann sie mit dem Meeresspiegel ansteigen. Vergangenes Jahr kosteten Überschwemmungen die Weltwirtschaft nach Angaben der Rückversicherungsagentur Swiss Re mehr als 82 Milliarden Dollar, etwa 77,5 Millionen, Tendenz steigend. Einer Prognose des World Resources Institute zufolge, sei künftig mit Schäden städtischem Eigentums im Wert von mehr als 700 Milliarden Dollar jährlich zu rechnen, alleinig von Überschwemmungen an Küsten und Flüssen verursacht.

Malibu-Charakter

Die Maldives Floating City, wie das Projekt offiziell heißt, wird ausschließlich Residenzen direkt am Meer beherbergen, mit einer Größe von mindestens hundert Quadratmeter, vierzig Quadratmeter Dachterrasse Minimum inklusive. Zu haben ist so ein Zuhause ab 250.000 Dollar, etwa 237.000 Euro. Mit erschwinglichen Preisen will der Projektentwickler ein möglichst breites Spektrum an potenziellen Käuferinnen und Käufern ansprechen.

An Lebensqualität soll es den Bewohnenden von Maledives Floating City nicht fehlen.
An Lebensqualität soll es den Bewohnenden von Maledives Floating City nicht fehlen. Waterstudio/Dutch Docklands Maldives

Bunte Häuser, große Terrassen und Meerblick sollen für Wohlfühlatmosphäre sorgen. Fortbewegen wird man sich per Boot, zu Fuß, Rad oder Scooter, Autos haben hier keinen Platz.

click here for source website

click here for the project

LA PRIMA VERA CITTÀ GALLEGGIANTE AL MONDO È QUASI PRONTA (ALLE MALDIVE)

By Carla Amarillis
Elle Decor
2022.June.21

In costruzione a 10 minuti di barca da Malé, è stata progettata per ospitare chi dovrà lasciare le isole a causa dell’innalzamento del livello del mare

la città galleggiante alle maldive maldives floating city
courtesy Waterstudio

Circondata dalle acque cristalline delle Maldive, a soli 10 minuti di barca dalla capitale Male, è in costruzione una città galleggiante progettata per ospitare fino a 20 mila persone.

Il progetto – una joint venture tra lo sviluppatore immobiliare olandese Dutch Docklands e il governo delle Maldive, firmato dallo studio di architettura Waterstudio – è un tentativo di risolvere il problema dell’innalzamento del livello del mare, a cui le Maldive sono estremamente vulnerabili: l’arcipelago, composto da 1.190 isole che emergono per meno di un metro dal livello del mare, potrebbe essere completamente sommerso entro il 2100.

la città galleggiante alle maldive maldives floating city
courtesy Waterstudio

Dal punto di vista urbanistico, Maldives Floating City ha una forma che ricorda quella del corallo cerebrale e si compone di 5.000 unità galleggianti che ospiteranno case, ristoranti, negozi e scuole, collegate attraverso un sistema di ponti, canali e banchine. Ciascun modulo abitativo viene costruite in un cantiere navale locale, quindi rimorchiato e trasportato nella città galleggiante. Una volta posizionato, viene fissato a un grande scafo subacqueo in cemento ancorato al fondale tramite palafitte telescopiche in acciaio che gli permettono di fluttuare assecondando il moto ondoso.

Alcune unità sono già in via di completamento e i primi residenti potranno trasferirvisi all’inizio del 2024, mentre si prevede di completare l’intera città galleggiante entro la fine del 2027. Ogni residenza sarà affacciata sul mare, avrà una superficie che va dai 100 metri quadrati (a cui si aggiungono 40 metri quadri di terrazza sul tetto) in su e prezzi che partono dai 250 mila dollari.

L’impatto ambientale di questa città galleggiante “è stato rigorosamente valutato da esperti locali di coralli e approvato dalle autorità governative prima dell’inizio della costruzione” ha spiegato alla CNN Koen Olthuis, fondatore di Waterstudio.

la città galleggiante alle maldive maldives floating city
courtesy Waterstudio

Mesto prihodnosti že raste na morju #video

By I. H.
Siol.net
2022.June.20

Maldive sestavlja več kot tisoč otokov in država ima že leta velike težave z naraščajočo gladino morja, ki je že pogoltnilo marsikatero človeško naselje. Število klimatskih beguncev naj bi se povečalo za več kot pol milijona v naslednjih letih. Zato je bila maldivijska vlada prisiljena ukrepati in kot odgovor na spremembe v naravi se je rodila ideja o plavajočem mestu.

Ta mesec bodo javnosti predstavili prve hiše v novem mestu na Maldivih, ki bo v celoti zgrajeno na morju, poroča CNN. Gre za prvi obsežni projekt lokalne vlade v boju z globalnim segrevanjem in naraščajočo gladino morja. Novo mesto, ki se bo nahajalo deset minut vožnje z ladjo od maldivijske prestolnice Male, bo do leta 2027 imelo več kot pet tisoč hiš in okoli 20 tisoč prebivalcev.

Novo mesto bo zgrajeno v laguni, ki je velika več kot 200 hektarjev. | Foto: waterstudioNovo mesto bo zgrajeno v laguni, ki je velika več kot 200 hektarjev. Foto: waterstudio

Plavajoče mesto

Država Maldivi, ki ima več kot tisoč otokov, ima že leta velike težave z naraščajočo gladino morja, ki je že pogoltnilo marsikatero človeško naselje. Število klimatskih beguncev naj bi se povečalo za več kot pol milijona v naslednjih letih. Zato je bila maldivijska vlada prisiljena ukrepati in kot odgovor na spremembe v naravi se je rodila ideja o plavajočem mestu. “Gre za novo upanje prebivalcev. Dokazali bomo, da lahko na vodni gladini postavimo varne domove po ugodni ceni,” je za CNN projekt komentiral glavni arhitekt mesta Koen Olthuis.

Novo mesto bo zgrajeno do leta 2027, zaenkrat ima le delovno ime "Maldives Floating City". | Foto: waterstudioNovo mesto bo zgrajeno do leta 2027, zaenkrat ima le delovno ime “Maldives Floating City”. Foto: waterstudio

Hiše in druge zgradbe, ki bodo tvorile novo mesto, zgradijo v za to prilagojeni ladjedelnici. Vse zgradbe potem z ladjami odvlečejo do mesta, kjer raste novo mesto, ter jih pritrdijo na dno morja s posebnimi teleskopskimi jeklenimi “hoduljami”. Te zgradbam omogočajo, da kljubujejo valovom in se le rahlo zibljejo z morjem. “Pri načrtovanju mesta smo upoštevali najstrožje standarde glede zaščite okolja. Eden izmed zelo pomembnih ciljev gradnje je vzpodbujanje rasti koral,” je poudaril Olthuis.

Mesto bo tudi samozadostno. Sonce bo zagotavljalo elektriko, vse odpadke bodo reciklirali in jih ponovno uporabili. Tako bodo vse kanalizacijske vode uporabili za gnojila za rastline. Namesto klimatskih naprav bodo iz globine morja črpali hladno vodo, ki bo ohlajevala celotno mesto.

Novo mesto bo imelo več kot pet tisoč hiš in okoli 20 tisoč prebivalcev | Foto: waterstudioNovo mesto bo imelo več kot pet tisoč hiš in okoli 20 tisoč prebivalcev Foto: waterstudio

Mesta na vodi rastejo po celem svetu

Samo v lanskem letu so poplave po celem svetu naredile za več kot 70 milijard evrov škode. Do leta 2030 bo zaradi poplav v nevarnosti za več kot 600 milijard evrov nepremičnin, ki se nahajajo v urbanih naseljiv. Zato ni čudno, da plavajoča mesta rastejo po celem svetu. V južnokorejskem Buzanu nameravajo zgraditi plavajoče mesto za deset tisoč ljudi, medtem ko v Estoniji načrtujejo kar plavajoče umetne otoke.

waterstudio | Foto: waterstudioFoto: waterstudio

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Waterstudio - Maldives Floating City

De Malediven krijgen een drijvende stad in de buurt van de hoofdstad Male

By Roccarainola
2022.June.20

De archipel van de Malediven, ongeveer 1.000 kilometer ten zuidwesten van Sri Lanka, in de Indische Oceaan, wordt lange tijd beschouwd als een van de landen die het meest zijn blootgesteld aan de gevolgen van klimaatverandering: 80% van het grondgebied ligt binnen een meter boven de zeespiegel en naar schatting zou door de stijgende zeespiegel een groot deel ervan tegen het einde van de eeuw volledig onder water kunnen staan. Onder de mogelijke oplossingen waarmee de lokale autoriteiten zijn begonnen te experimenteren, is er een heel bijzondere: de bouw van een nieuwe drijvende stad die tien minuten per schip zal stijgen van de hoofdstad Malé en die na voltooiing plaats zal bieden aan maximaal 20 duizend inwoners.

Het initiatief is ontstaan ​​uit de samenwerking tussen de regering van de Malediven en het Nederlandse vastgoedontwikkelingsbedrijf Dutch Docklands; het project werd uitgevoerd door het in Nederland gevestigde architectenbureau Waterstudio, dat in het verleden betrokken was bij het ontwerpen van honderden drijvende woningen, kantoren, scholen en gezondheidscentra over de hele wereld .

De nieuwe drijvende stad zal verrijzen in een lagune van ongeveer 2 vierkante kilometer en zal duizenden gebouwen herbergen die zijn gebouwd op een reeks “drijvende eilanden”, waaronder huizen, restaurants, winkels, scholen en hotels. De gebouwen zullen worden uitgerust met elektriciteit die wordt verkregen uit fotovoltaïsche systemen en zullen beschikken over airconditioningsystemen met zeewater , die het water dat uit grote diepten wordt gepompt gebruiken om de kamers te koelen. Op de eilanden, gescheiden door verschillende kanalen, kunt u zich te voet, per fiets of met elektrische scooters verplaatsen.

De drijvende gebouwen worden op een locatie in het gebied gebouwd en vervolgens de lagune in gesleept, waar ze worden verbonden met een betonnen platform dat door telescopische stalen pylonen aan de zeebodem is bevestigd. Zowel deze structuur als het koraalrif rond de lagune zullen het mogelijk maken om de drijvende stad stabiliteit te geven, waardoor de trillingen die door de golven worden veroorzaakt, worden verminderd.

Eind juni worden de eerste gebouwen opgeleverd en begin 2024 kunnen de eerste bewoners er hun intrek nemen: het doel is om binnen vijf jaar een zelfvoorzienende stad te creëren die functioneert alsof ze op het vasteland staat. eind 2027.

Het is al lang bekend dat de Malediven door de klimaatverandering in het water dreigen te komen te staan ​​en tegen 2100 te verdwijnen. Het lijkt echter nogal ingewikkeld om concrete en haalbare oplossingen te vinden om de noodsituatie op lokaal niveau op te lossen, vooral gezien het feit dat volgens verschillende analyses de toezeggingen die tot nu toe op mondiaal niveau zijn gedaan om vervuilende emissies te verminderen en zogenaamde koolstofneutraliteit te bereiken , niet voldoende om een ​​verdere stijging van de temperatuur tegen het einde van de eeuw te voorkomen, met catastrofale gevolgen voor de hele planeet.

Voorlopig is een van de meest ambitieuze projecten die door de regering van de Malediven zijn gelanceerd, de bouw van het kunstmatige eiland Hulhumalé , dat ook een paar kilometer ten noorden van Malé ligt en de “City of Hope” is genoemd. Net als de nieuwe drijvende stad, was het in de eerste plaats ontworpen om de mensen te huisvesten die vandaag in de hoofdstad wonen – een van de dichtstbevolkte steden ter wereld – en degenen die in de toekomst misschien geen huis meer hebben. Zijn project vertoonde echter enkele opmerkelijke beperkingen, zoals het risico op schade aan het mariene milieu en het probleem van afvalbeheer.

Koen Olthuis, uitvinder van Waterstudio, vertelde CNN dat de milieu-impact van de drijvende stad zorgvuldig is geëvalueerd in samenwerking met mariene biologen en overheden, en dat het nieuwe project zal aantonen dat er “betaalbare huisvesting, uitgebreide gemeenschappen en veilige steden, ook op het water ».

Ook Patrick Verkooijen, hoofd van het Global Center on Adaptation (GCA), een internationale organisatie die zich bezighoudt met het evalueren van mogelijke oplossingen voor adaptatie aan klimaatverandering, lijkt het daarmee eens te zijn. Volgens Verkooijen kan het bouwen van drijvende gebouwen een functionele en economisch duurzame strategie zijn om het probleem van de stijgende zee aan te pakken: er moet echter nog veel gebeuren om dit soort projecten op grotere schaal en op een steeds efficiëntere en snellere manier te bouwen.

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