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12 futuristic cities being built around the world, from Saudi Arabia to China

By Maan Jalal
The National News

The Mirror Line, Chengdu Future City and Telosa are among the exciting projects in the pipeline

As the world changes, so must our cities.

With world’s population continuing to increase and climate change drastically affecting our environment, many metropolises are struggling to grow, develop and even support citizens within current and traditional urban designs.

Governments, entrepreneurs and technology companies are employing some of the world’s leading architects and designers to rethink the idea of cities, how people can interact and how to live within them.

From reclaimed land, groundbreaking skyscrapers in the desert and cities rising in the metaverse, here are 12 incredible futuristic cities redefining the urban spaces we live in.

The Mirror Line, Saudi Arabia

Designers: Morphosis Architects

Location: Saudi Arabia

The $500 billion Neom project in Saudi Arabia is set to be home to a record-setting 170-kilometre-long skyscraper called the Mirror Line.

It will be the world’s largest structure, comprising of two buildings up to 490 metres tall, running parallel to each other. The structures will be connected by walkways and a high-speed transport system, which will connect one end of the city to the other in 20 minutes.

Designed by the US-based Morphosis Architects, The Mirror Line promises to be walkable city, with no cars and zero carbon emissions.

BiodiverCity, Malaysia

BiodiverCity, Malaysia. Photo: BIG

Designers: Bjarke Ingels Group

Location: Penang Island, Malaysia

BiodiverCity is a planned sustainable city made of three artificial islands built off the shore of Penang Island in Malaysia.

A city where people and nature co-exist, each of BiodiverCity’s lily pad-shaped islands will be home to between 15,000 and 18,000 residents. Structures in the city will be built using natural materials such as timber, bamboo and concrete created from recycled materials.

The city is also planned to be a global travel destination with 4.6km of public beaches and 600 acres of parks along with a 25km waterfront. BiodiverCity will also be a car-free environment, where pedestrians can use the planned autonomous water, air and land public transportation network.

Chengdu Future City, China

Chengdu Future City, China. Photo: OMA

Designers: OMA

Location: China

China’s planned Chengdu Future City is challenging conventions of urban planning by proposing a master plan not based on traditional, car-oriented road networks.

The six distinct zones of the city will be connected though a smart mobility network using automated vehicles. The zones will also be pedestrian-friendly and within a 10-minute walk of each other.

The 4.6-square-kilometre site also includes an international education park where buildings, including a university, will have landscaped terraces, designed to be an extension of the natural formed landscape.

Akon City, Senegal

Akon City, Senegal. Photo: Akon City

Designers: Bakri & Associates Development Consultants

Location: Senegal

Akon City is a planned 2,000-acre futuristic city that will be located along the Atlantic coast, in south of Dakar, Senegal.

Conceived and launched by singer and entrepreneur Akon, the smart city will be eco-friendly and powered by renewable energy. Described by Akon as a “real-life Wakanda”, a reference to the film Black Panther that inspired him, Akon City is set to have large skyscrapers, shopping malls, parks, universities, a stadium and a technology hub.

Akon City’s goal is to stimulate the local economy and create jobs while using the latest technologies of blockchain and cryptocurrency.

Telosa, the US

Telosa, USA. Photo: Telosa

Designers: Bjarke Ingels

Location: The US

Announced in September 2021, Telosa is a proposed city conceived by billionaire Marc Lore, to be built somewhere in the US western desert.

With a planned population of five million people by 2050, Telosa will be a “15-minute city” where all amenities from schools, workplaces and goods and services will be a 15-minute commute from residents’ homes.

Lore hopes Telosa will be the most sustainable city in the world where no vehicles powered by fossil fuels will be permitted. His vision also includes a reformed version of capitalism where wealth is created in a fair way, keeping residents’ quality of life as a priority.

Woven City, Japan

Woven City, Japan. Photo: Woven City

Designers: Bjarke Ingels Group

Location: Japan

Toyota, the world’s largest automaker, has already started construction on a 175-acre smart city at the base of Mount Fuji in Japan.

Woven City will be one of the world’s first smart cities: a fully autonomous community designed to test new technologies such as automated driving, robotics and artificial intelligence in a real-world environment.

The city will be fully sustainable, powered by hydrogen fuel cells where pedestrian streets will intersect with those dedicated to self-driving cars. Wood will be the primary material for building to reduce carbon footprint and rooftops will be covered in photo-voltaic panels to generate solar power.

Over the next five years, there will be a starting population of 360 residents with plans to grow the number of residents over the coming years. Initially they will be inventors, senior citizens and young families who will test and develop smart technologies.

New Administrative Capital, Egypt

A rendering of Iconic Tower. The Capital Business District (CBD) being built in Cairo’s New Administrative Capital. The 20 skyscrapers in the district include the 385-metre Iconic Tower, which will be the tallest building in Africa. Photo: Dar Al-Handasah

Designers: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

Location: Egypt

Capital City is part of a larger initiative for Egypt’s 2030 Vision. The yet-to-be-named new capital city, located 45 kilometres east of Cairo, will be home to up to seven million people.

The privately funded project will cover 700 square kilometres and include 21 residential districts and 25 dedicated districts, 1,250 mosques and churches, solar energy farms and one of the world’s largest urban parks.

The Cairo Light Rail Transit, inaugurated last month, will connect Cairo to the New Administrative Capital. One of the main drivers for the construction was to ease congestion in Cairo, which has a population of more than 10 million people and is continuing to grow.

Liberland, the metaverse

Liberland Metaverse by Zaha Hadid. Photo: Metaverse

Designers: Zaha Hadid

Location: The metaverse

As the metaverse continues to inform how we could interact and occupy the digital realm, it’s also challenging how we view the idea of cities and nations.

British architecture firm Zaha Hadid, in collaboration with the micronation of Liberland and ArchAgenda, is creating a “cyber-urban” city in the metaverse named Liberland Metaverse.

The completely virtual city is based on the Free Republic of Liberland — a micronation claimed by Czech politician Vit Jedlicka, which exists in the disputed land between Croatia and Serbia.

Liberland Metaverse will act as a virtual industry synergy and networking hub for crypto projects, crypto companies and crypto events. People will be able to buy plots of land with cryptocurrency and enter digital buildings as avatars.

Floating City, Maldives

Designers: Waterstudio

Location: Maldives

One of the first floating cities in the world is being built in the Maldives in response to rising sea levels. With climate change threatening to change many cities around the world, 80 per cent of the Maldives is expected to be uninhabitable by 2050.

Maldives Floating City is currently being designed to home 20,000 people as soon as 2024.

The project is being designed to be climate resistant and work with the rising sea levels. The eco-friendly development will include 5,000 low-rise floating homes built on hexagonal structures that rise with the sea.

Amaravati, India

A rendering of Amaravati, India. Photo: Foster + Partners

Designers: Foster + Partners

Location: India

The city of Amaravati will be the new administrative capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh in south-eastern India.

Situated on the banks of the River Krishna, Amaravati’s structure will be defined by a strong urban grid inspired by Lutyens’ Delhi and Central Park in New York.

Greenery and water will make up at least 60 per cent of the city with the aim of making Amaravati one of the most sustainable cities in the world, complete with the latest technologies such as conversion of light into electricity through the use of photovoltaics.

The transportation will include electric vehicles, water taxis and dedicated cycle routes with numerous pedestrian-friendly routes such as shaded streets and squares.

Nusantara, Indonesia

Nusantara, the new capital in Indonesia. Photo: Urbanplus

Designers: Urban + practice

Location: Indonesia

Indonesia plans to move its capital Jakarta to East Kalimantan, between North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kartanegara on the Indonesian part of Borneo island.

Nusantara, the new capital, is planned to be a sustainable city where high-rise structures will utilise 100 per cent eco-friendly construction and use entirely renewable energy. However, environmental groups have been vocal about how Nusantara’s construction could cause damage to one of the world’s oldest rainforests.

The cost of moving the capital is estimated to cost $35 billion and is seen as a necessary step for Indonesia’s future. Building Nusantara will help with the economic growth of Indonesia and ease pressures on Jakarta, which suffers from continuous traffic jams and issues with pollution owing to a population of more than 10 million people.

Net City, China

Net City, China. Photo: NBBJ

Designers: NBBJ Design Firm

Location: China

China’s answer to Google, technology firm Tencent is building a city. The 22-million-square-foot urban development named Net City will be built on reclaimed land and will be designed to accommodate a population of 80,000 people.

The planned layout of Net City is designed to reduce traffic by including roads for buses, bikes and automated vehicles.

Net City is planned to be sustainable with rooftop solar panels and advanced technological systems for reusing wastewater.

Ten futuristic cities set to be built around the world

By Nat Barker

As a 170-kilometre-long mirrored megacity in the Saudi desert makes headlines, here is a roundup of 10 futuristic cities currently being planned across the globe.
Global issues such as the housing crisis and climate change are galvanising ambitions for a new generation of high-tech cities.The Line, a 500-metre-tall skyscraper that will house nine million people in northwestern Saudi Arabia, as shown in this video, is the most recent example but not the only one.

BIGFoster + Partners and OMA are among multiple architecture studios helping to masterplan futuristic urban centres, which often claim to be designed with a focus on sustainability.

Below are 10 ambitious cities set to be built in the coming decades:

The Line in Saudi Arabia
Image courtesy of Neom

The Line, Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabian government this week unveiled visuals for a 170-kilometre-long, 500-metre-tall linear city planned as part of the Neom mega-development.

Despite its length and expected population of nine million, The Line will be just 200 metres wide with a transport system promised to connect the two ends within 20 minutes.

The city was designed as an alternative to the traditional circular urban layout, with Saudi crown prince Mohammed bin Salman touting it as “a model for nature preservation and enhanced human livability”.


Telosa city
Image courtesy of BIG

Telosa, USA, designed by BIG

Danish architect Bjarke Ingels and his studio BIG are master planning Telosa, a city for five million set to be built from scratch on an as-yet undisclosed site in the US desert.

The project is the idea of billionaire entrepreneur Marc Lore, who hopes it will become “the most sustainable city in the world”.

Part of Lore’s vision is that the land will be owned by a community endowment, meaning increases in value could fund the city’s development with resident welfare as the priority.

BiodiverCity masterplan by BIG for Penang Island
Image courtesy of BIG

BiodiverCity, Malaysia, designed by BIG

BIG is also master planning BiodiverCity, a 1,821-hectare development of three artificial islands built off the shore of Malaysia’s Penang Island for the state government.

Each lily-pad-like island is expected to house 15,000 to 18,000 residents and be connected by an autonomous transport network with no cars.

Buildings will be mainly constructed using a combination of bamboo, timber and concrete produced from recycled materials, with an ecological buffer around each district to support biodiversity.

Capital Cairo by SOM
Image courtesy of SOM

New Administrative Capital, Egypt, designed by SOM

Egypt is building an entirely new capital city for up to seven million people in order to relieve congestion in rapidly growing Cairo, its current capital.

Architecture firm SOM produced a masterplan for the privately funded project, which will cover 700 square kilometres and feature one of the world’s largest urban parks.

Indonesia’s government has also announced major plans to build a new capital city on the island of Borneo. Its existing capital Jakarta is the world’s fastest-sinking city, having sunk by 2.5 metres in the 10 years to 2019.

Foster + Partners Amaravati Masterplan
Image courtesy of Foster + Partners

Amaravati, India, designed by Foster + Partners

Set on the banks of the River Krishna, the city of Amaravati will act as the new capital for the Andhra Pradesh state in India.

It will be arranged around a needle-topped government building and see more than 60 per cent of its central district occupied by greenery or water.

“The design brings together our decades-long research into sustainable cities, incorporating the latest technologies that are currently being developed in India,” said Foster + Partners, which is also master planning large neighbourhoods in Ho Chi Minh and Bangkok.

Smart Forest City in Mexico by Stefano Boeri
Image courtesy of Stefano Boeri Architetti

Smart Forest City, Mexico, designed by Stefano Boeri Architetti

Italian architect Stefano Boeri is working on plans for a forested smart city near Cancun that will contain 7.5 million carbon-absorbing plants and trees across its 557 hectares.

It will be designed to house 130,000 people in affordable, plant-covered homes and aims to pioneer a more sustainable way of city living.

“Smart Forest City Cancun is a botanical garden within a contemporary city, based on Mayan heritage and in its relationship with the natural and sacred world,” said Boeri’s studio. “An urban ecosystem where nature and city are intertwined and act as one organism.”

The Orbit by Partisans
Image is by Norm Li

The Orbit, Canada, designed by Partisans

The Orbit is another planned smart city, intended to transform a Canadian farming town through extensive use of fibre optics, drones and autonomous vehicles, with development decisions based on big data.

Toronto firm Partisans has described its design as a modern version of the garden city movement that emerged in the UK in the early 20th century.

It aims to balance new technologies with the existing agrarian setting while growing the town from 30,000 to 150,000 residents.

Maldives Floating City render from above
Image courtesy of Waterstudio/Dutch Docklands Maldives

Maldives Floating City, Maldives, designed by Waterstudio

Rising sea levels due to climate change mean much of The Maldives is expected to be uninhabitable by 2050. In response, the country’s government has partnered with architecture practice Waterstudio to design a floating city that will house 20,000 people in a lagoon near its capital as soon as 2024.

Billed by the architects as “the world’s first true floating island city”, it will include 5,000 low-rise floating homes and be built on a series of hexagonal structures that rise with the sea.

Another prototype climate-resilient floating city is being designed by Danish studio BIG together with Samoo and tech company Oceanix for the seas off Busan in South Korea.

Find out more about Maldives Floating City ›

A cluster of green-roofed buildings within a masterplan by OMA
Image courtesy of OMA

Chengdu Future City, China, designed by OMA

Dutch architecture firm OMA has produced a car-free masterplan for the capital of China’s Sichuan province that it claims challenges conventional urban planning models that are driven by road networks or maximising gross floor area.

Set to occupy a 4.6 square kilometre site, Chengdu Future City will instead focus on the land’s rolling topography, with six distinct zones designed to blend in with the surrounding landscape.

All buildings within each zone will be accessible by foot within 10 minutes, while a “smart mobility network” utilising automated vehicles will connect the city to the rest of Chengdu.

Innovation Park by Ehrlich Yanai Rhee Chaney Architects and Tom Wiscombe Architecture 
Image courtesy of Ehrlich Yanai Rhee Chaney Architects and Tom Wiscombe Architecture

Innovation Park, USA, designed by Ehrlich Yanai Rhee Chaney Architects and Tom Wiscombe Architecture

Cryptocurrency magnate Jeffrey Berns plans to develop part of Nevada‘s desert into a smart city powered by blockchain technology.

With the help of architecture studios Ehrlich Yanai Rhee Chaney Architects and Tom Wiscombe Architecture, he intends to transform the 27,113-hectare plot into a community where people can bank, vote and store data without involvement from governments or third parties.

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click here for the project

Maldives Floating City reinvents living in a water world

By Laura Cowan
A circular area filled with a floating city within

This design was in line with the concept of living with nature and learning to improve and respect natural coral. Furthermore, Maldives is the global center for coral protection.

A rendering of seating area amidst palm trees

Therefore, the housing are “scarless developments” because of their attempt to not damage the environment on which they are built. Sustainability of the new community is also a top priority, with the developers finding new methods to “interact in a durable way with our surroundings.”

In specific focus here is how to increase sustainability using water. Maldives Floating City is a development of Dutch Docklands in partnership with the Government of Maldives. Masterplan architect for the project was Waterstudio from the Netherlands. The location: a lagoon close to the capital Male and the International Airport at over 500 acres in size.

Boats docks at a harbor

Additionally, the city is mixed use, with residential, hotels, shopping and restaurants located within the grid. Sales will start soon, and expressions of interest can be made on the city’s website. Most importantly, this is the first floating city with thousands of houses with full governmental support that allows for legal title deeds for owners. The floating city also offers the possibility to obtain a residence permit with the purchase of a house, which means internationals can live here semi permanently in Maldives.

On the other hand, the design of the homes was inspired by the history of this seafaring nation in the tropics. The city is designed as a boating community, using canals as the main infrastructure for shipping and travel. Land-based travel is restricted to walking, biking and noise-free electric scoots, with no cars allowed.

Colorful houses in a neighborhood rendering

The Maldives Floating City also has green technology, including a smart grid that responds to dynamic demand, weather and climate change. Sustainable development technologies protect the marine ecosystem.

All in all, the city aims to create new habitat for the marine ecosystem it is built on rather than destroying it. New artificial coral banks will be attached to the underside of the city, which can help coral attach and grow naturally. The coral reefs of the lagoon, in turn, act as a natural wave breaker to protect against storm damage.

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Schwimmende Stadt nimmt Form an: Entsteht hier die Zukunft des Wohnens?

By Hannah Klaiber

Der Meeresspiegel steigt. Für manche Regionen heißt das für die Zukunft, dass sie teilweise unter Wasser stehen oder ganz von der Landkarte verschwinden werden. Eine Möglichkeit, Städte vor diesem Schicksal zu bewahren, wird jetzt auf den Malediven getestet.

Von Hannah Klaiber
 • 2 Min. Lesezeit
Ein erstaunliches Architekturprojekt auf den Malediven bringt eine Stadt zum Schwimmen. (Grafik: Waterstudio / Dutch Docklands Maldives)

Auf dem Inselstaat im Indischen Ozean wird aktuell eine Stadt gebaut, für die der steigende Meeresspiegel keine Bedrohung darstellt: die Maldives Floating City. Sie schwimmt, wie der Name bereits andeutet, auf dem Wasser. Steigt das Wasser, steigt sie einfach mit.

Das bietet die schwimmende Stadt ihren Bewohnern

Weltweit gibt es weitere Pläne für derartige Städte, etwa in Südkorea. Die Niederlande sind ein Zentrum dieser Idee: Hier gibt es bereits schwimmende Parks und ein schwimmendes Bürogebäude.

Wie auf der Homepage der Maldives Floating City zu lesen ist, sollen die Bauarbeiten 2022 beginnen und im Laufe der nächsten fünf Jahre vollendet werden. Dann soll die Stadt Platz für 20.000 Menschen bieten. Jedes der farbenfrohen Häuser soll dann direkt am Meer liegen. Statt Klimaanlagen sollen die Menschen Abkühlung durch die Nutzung von Tiefseewasser erhalten. Die Objekte sollen für ein breites Klientel erschwinglich sein, die günstigste Option liege bei etwa 142.000 Euro für eine Atelierwohnung.

Schadet das Projekt der Umwelt?

Die Stadt ist ausgestattet mit allem, was man braucht, beispielsweise Restaurants, Geschäfte und Schulen. Bei den Fortbewegungsmitteln müssen die Bewohner hingegen Abstriche machen, Autos sind nämlich verboten. Dafür könnten sie Boote oder Räder nutzen.

Um die Stadt angelegte Korallenriffe sollen als Wellenbrecher dienen und die Stadt so stabilisieren, dass niemand seekrank wird. Natürlich gab es auch Umweltbedenken bei diesem Projekt. Koen Olthuis ist der Gründer von Waterstudio, der Architekturfirma, die die Stadt designt hat. Er sagte gegenüber CNN, dass Korallenexperten alles streng geprüft hätten. Zudem würden an der Unterseite der Stadt künstliche Korallenbänke angebracht, die das natürliche Wachstum von Korallen stimulieren sollen.

„Von Klima-Flüchtlingen zu Klima-Innovatoren“

Dass die Malediven besonderes Interesse an dem Projekt haben, sollte nicht überraschen. 80 Prozent der Landfläche liegen hier weniger als einen Meter über dem Meeresspiegel. Wenn die „Maldive Floating City“ ein Erfolg wird, wäre das ein riesiger Schritt für die bedroht Nation, wie Koen Olthuis erklärt. „Die Bewohner der Malediven würden damit von Klima-Flüchtlingen zu Klima-Innovatoren werden.“

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Maldiividele plaanitakse ehitada ujuv linn kaitseks maailmamere tõusu eest

By Postimees

Maldiividele plaanitakse ehitada ujuv linn kaitseks maailmamere tõusu eest
Linn hakkab asuma ligi viiel tuhandel väikesel ujuvsaarel.
Linn hakkab asuma ligi viiel tuhandel väikesel ujuvsaarel.Foto: Maldives Floating City / Waterstudio

India ookeani saareriik Maldiivid asub vaid mõni meeter üle merepinna ning maailmamere tõus kliimasoojenemise tagajärjel ähvardab need saared kiiresti vee alla jätta. Selle vastu pakub lahenduse Hollandi disainifirma, mis ehitab ujuvaid linnasid.

Ujuvad saared pole iseenesest midagi uut, neid leidub nii Aasias kui Lõuna-Ameerikas ja neid on kasutanud elamiseks pärismaalased aastatuhandeid. Kinnisvaraarendajatele on ka juba pikka aega tundunud ujuvad saared väga ahvatlevad, sest maapinda ju pole vaja ning tagatud on vaade veekogule. Kuid selliste eluruumide muutmine moodsaks kinnisvaraks on alati olnud keeruline.

Ujuva elukoha pakub välja Hollandi disainistuudio Waterstudio koostöös Hollandis asuva Dutch Docklandsi ja Maldiivide valitsusega, et ehitada üleujutusohus Maldiividele selline linn, mis kunagi vee alla ei jää. See hakkab kerkima koos merevee tasemega. Praegu on Maldiividel 80% protsenti riigist vähem kui meetri kõrgusel merepinnast ja kui maailmamere tase peaks saja aasta jooksul meetri jagu tõusma, jääks enamus riigist vee alla.

Ujuv linn saab värvikirev, kesksel kohal on muidugi vesi ja veeteed.
Ujuv linn saab värvikirev, kesksel kohal on muidugi vesi ja veeteed.Foto: Maldives Floating City / Waterstudio

Firma on ujuvaid maju disaininud isegi Läänemere äärde ja ehitanud Madalmaadesse mitmeid ujuvaid saari. Maldiivide projekt on siiski ambitsioonikam – laiendatav ala peab mahutama väikese linna jagu elamispindu ning kuna tegemist on ookeaniga, siis peaks see vastu pidama ka suuremale lainetusele ja tuultele.

Ujuv asula hakkab asuma soojaveelises laguunis korallrahude vahel kümneminutilise paadisõidu kaugusel Maldiivide pealinnast Malest ning Male rahvusvahelisest lennujaamast. Esimene omataoline «saarelinn» pakub revolutsioonilist lähenemist säästvale eluviisile taevasinise India ookeani taustal. Futuristlik unistuste maastik hakkab hõljuma paindlikul ja funktsionaalsel «võrgul» üle 200 hektari suurusel alal.

Ujuvasse linna on planeeritud elamispinnad kümnele tuhandele elanikule, majad asuvad ligi viiel tuhandel alusel, millele tulevad lisaks majadele veel ka restoranid, koolid ja kauplused. Moodulite vahel on kanalid ja sillad, et saaks nii paadiga kui jala liikuda.

Esimesed elanikud kolivad ookeanil hulpivasse linna sisse 2024. aastal ja kõik saab valmis 2027. aastaks.

Elemendid, millest saar ehitatakse, hakkavad paiknema korallimustrit meenutavalt. Korallid kaitsevad linna ookeanilainete eest.
Elemendid, millest saar ehitatakse, hakkavad paiknema korallimustrit meenutavalt. Korallid kaitsevad linna ookeanilainete eest.Foto: Maldives Floating City

Kuigi ujuv kinnisvara võib tunduda pigem vallasvarana või laeva või pargasena, mida saab ühest kohast teise viia, siis Maldiividel läheb see kirja kinnisvarana, millele saab laenu võtta ning millel on kindel postiaadress. Minema liikuda sellega ei saa.

Elektrit toodetakse taaskasutatavatest allikatest ning jäätmete vedu tahetakse ka lahendada roheliselt, nii et midagi ei peaks ära viskama. Prügi ladustamine on ujuval saarel võimatu ning merre ei saa ka midagi jätta. Pealegi on linna asukohas ohustatud korallid.

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A modern marvel? Floating city rising from the Indian Ocean

By The Daily Star

Maldives Floating City

Photo courtesy: Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands

A city is rising from the Indian Ocean.

The floating city large enough to house 20,000 people is being built in a turquoise lagoon – just 10 minutes by boat from Male, the Maldivian capital, CNN reports.

The city will be built in the shape of a brain coral, with 5,000 floating units including houses, restaurants, shops, and schools with canals running in between. The first units will be unveiled this month, with residents expected to begin moving in early 2024, and the entire city is expected to be finished by 2027, the CNN report said.

The project, a collaboration between property developer Dutch Docklands and the Maldives government, is not intended to be a wild experiment or a futuristic vision. It is being built as a practical solution to the harsh reality of sea-level rise, CNN said.

Maldives Floating City

Photo courtesy: Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands

The Maldives is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate change. Eighty percent of its land area is less than one meter above sea level, and with levels expected to rise up to a meter by the end of the century, nearly the entire country could be submerged, said the report published on June 20, 2022.

But a floating city could rise with the sea

This is “new hope” for the more than half a million people of the Maldives, said Koen Olthuis, founder of architecture firm Waterstudio that designed the city. “It can prove that there is affordable housing, large communities, and normal towns on the water that are also safe. They (Maldivians) will go from climate refugees to climate innovators,” he told CNN.

According to the report, the project’s goal is to build a city for 20,000 people in less than five years. Other floating city plans, including Oceanix City in Busan, South Korea, and a series of floating islands in the Baltic Sea developed by the Dutch company Blue21 have been announced, but none compete with this scale and timeframe of this project.

The Maldives’ capital is vastly overcrowded, with no room for expansion other than into the sea, it said.

Maldives Floating City

Photo courtesy: Waterstudio.NL/Dutch Docklands

The modular units are built in a nearby shipyard and then towed to the floating city. They are then attached to a large underwater concrete hull that is screwed to the seabed on telescopic steel stilts that allow it to gently fluctuate with the waves. The coral reefs that surround the city act as a natural wave breaker, stabilizing it and preventing seasickness.

Olthuis told CNN that the structure’s potential environmental impact was rigorously assessed by local coral experts and approved by government authorities before construction began. Artificial coral banks made of glass foam are connected to the city’s underside to support marine life, which he claims helps stimulate coral growth naturally.

There will be electricity, powered predominantly by solar generated on site, and sewage will be treated locally and repurposed as plant manure. Instead of air conditioning, the city will use deep water sea cooling, which involves pumping cold water from the deep sea into the lagoon, thereby saving energy, the report said.

The goal is for the city to be self-sufficient and to perform all of the same functions as a city on land.

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Gigantikus úszóvárost építenek a Maldív-szigeteknél

Gigantikus úszóvárost építenek a Maldív-szigeteknél

Gigantikus úszóvárost építenek a Maldív-szigeteknél

forrás: Youtube/DutchDocklands Maldives

Húszezer lakosnak otthont adó, úszó város épül az Indiai-óceánon, a Maldív-szigeteknél. A CNN online kiadásának hétfői cikke szerint a klímaváltozás miatt emelkedő tengerszint kihívására választ adó projekt öt éven belül készül el teljesen.
Az agykorall mintázatához hasonlóan tervezett város ötezer vízen lebegő egységből áll majd, házak, éttermek, üzletek és iskolák is lesznek, közöttük pedig csatornák futnak. Az első egységeket ebben a hónapban mutatják be, a lakók 2024 elején kezdhetnek beköltözni, az egész város pedig 2027-re készül el.

A város egy türkizkék lagúnában, mindössze tíz percnyi hajóútra Malétól, a Maldív-szigetek fővárosától épül a Dutch Doklands holland ingatlanfejlesztő és a Maldív-szigetek kormányának közös vállalkozásaként.

Az 1190 szigetből álló Maldív-szigetek a világ egyik legsebezhetőbb országa az éghajlatváltozás szempontjából: területének mintegy 80 százaléka fekszik kevesebb mint egy méterrel a tengerszint felett, és mivel az évszázad végére akár egy métert is emelkedhet a tengerszint, szinte az egész ország víz alá kerülhet.

Az úszó várost tervező Waterstudio építésziroda alapítója, Koen Olthuis szerint a vízen lebegő város új reményt adhat a Maldív-szigetek több mint félmillió lakosa számára.

Létrehozása bebizonyíthatja, hogy létezik biztonságos és megfizethető megoldás nagy közösségek számára

– fűzte hozzá.

A 2000-es évek elején alapított Waterstudio az elmúlt két évtizedben több mint 300 úszó otthont, irodát, iskolát és egészségügyi központot tervezett világszerte.

Hollandia élen jár ebben a kérdésben, az éghajlatváltozáshoz való alkalmazkodás megoldásaival foglalkozó Global Center on Adaptation (GCA) központja is egy úszó irodaépület Hollandiában, ahol úszó parkok és egy úszó tejgazdaság is található.

A Maldív-szigeteki projekt keretében kevesebb mint öt év alatt tervezik felépíteni a 20 ezer lakosnak otthont adó várost. Bár más úszó városok is épülnek, köztük a dél-koreai Puszanban tervezett Oceanix City, vagy a Balti-tengerre tervezett úszó szigetek, egyik sem vetekedhet ezzel a léptékkel és gyorsasággal.

A Maldív-szigeteknél épülő város színes házakkal, széles erkélyekkel és tengerparti kilátással vonzza a helyi lakosságot. A lakók csónakokon közlekedhetnek majd a lagúnákon vagy gyalog, kerékpárral, illetve elektromos robogókkal az utcákon.

Az árak Olthuis szerint versenyképesek: 150 ezer dollárnál (57 millió forint) kezdődik egy lakás és 250 ezer dollárnál (95 millió forint) egy családi ház ára.

A moduláris egységek egy helyi hajógyárban készülnek, majd az úszó városba vontatják őket. Miután a helyükre kerültek, egy nagy víz alatti betontesthez rögzítik őket, amely teleszkópos acélcölöpökkel kapaszkodik a tengerfenékbe. A környező korallzátonyok természetes hullámtörőként védik a várost, amely így szelíden ringatózik a vízen.

Olthuis reméli, hogy az úszó város olyan válasz lehet az éghajlatváltozásra és az urbanizációra, amely egyszerre praktikus és megfizethető.

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Te wyspy znikną z powierzchni Ziemi. Jedynym ratunkiem jest pływające miasto

W emitowanym w poniedziałek 20 czerwca w Polsat News programie Debata Dnia poseł Janusz Kowalski z Solidarnej Polski przekonywał, że zmiany klimatyczne to tylko ideologia, a na świecie nic się nie zmienia, bo “czasami jest ciepło, a czasami jest zimno i zawsze tak było”. Tymczasem po drugiej stronie świata, mieszkańcy Malediwów przygotowują się do tego, że ich kraj w ciągu najbliższych stu lat całkowicie zniknie z powierzchni Ziemi.

  • Malediwy to kraj wyspowy, który może zniknąć z powierzchni Ziemi w ciągu zaledwie 80 lat.
  • Ponad 80 proc. jego powierzchni położona jest mniej niż 1 metr n.p.m. Prognozy wskazują, że na skutek zmian klimatycznych poziom morza do 2100 roku wzrośnie o metr.
  • Władze Malediwów we współpracy z holenderskim biurem projektowym rozpoczęły budowę pierwszego pływającego miasta, do którego będą mogli się przenieść mieszkańcy znikających wysp.

Ostatnie słowa poprzedniego akapitu brzmią brutalnie, choć nie ma w nich ani grama przesady. Malediwy położone są na 1190 mikroskopijnych wysp, których powierzchnia nigdy nie wznosi się na więcej niż na metr wysokości. Zważając na to, że woda w otoczeniu Malediwów na skutek ocieplenia klimatycznego spowodowanego przez człowieka podniesie w najbliższych stu latach swój poziom o ponad metr, pół miliona mieszkańców tego kraju zostanie bez dachu nad głową oraz bez lądu, na którym można by było ten dom wybudować.

Pływające miasto na Malediwach – wizualizacje

Pływające miasto na Malediwach już powstaje

Niezmiernie zatem cieszy, że zaledwie kilka minut od archipelagu Malediwów siłami specjalistów powstaje całe pływające miasto, w którym znajdą się zarówno domy mieszkalne, szkoły, przedsiębiorstwa rolnicze, parki, kawiarnie, sklepy jak i punkty usługowe, które samodzielnie będą mogły służyć nawet 20 000 mieszkańców. Fakt, że cała konstrukcja miasta powstanie w ciągu zaledwie pięciu lat i będzie unosiła się na wodzie jest kluczowy. Niezależnie od tego ile woda się podniesie w tym rejonie świata, miasto zawsze będzie znajdowało się na jej powierzchni. Warto tutaj zauważyć, że podobne projekty budowane są także w Korei Południowej czy na Morzu Bałtyckim.

Tak będzie wyglądało pływające miasto na Malediwach

Za budowę pływającego miasta odpowiada wspólnie rząd Malediwów i holenderski deweloper Dutch Docklands. Za projekt natomiast odpowiada holenderskie Waterstudio, które od ponad dwudziestu lat projektuje pływające domy, szkoła czy ośrodki zdrowia i ma na swoim koncie już ponad 300 takich budynków.

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By Carla Amarillis
Elle Decor

In costruzione a 10 minuti di barca da Malé, è stata progettata per ospitare chi dovrà lasciare le isole a causa dell’innalzamento del livello del mare

la città galleggiante alle maldive maldives floating city
courtesy Waterstudio

Circondata dalle acque cristalline delle Maldive, a soli 10 minuti di barca dalla capitale Male, è in costruzione una città galleggiante progettata per ospitare fino a 20 mila persone.

Il progetto – una joint venture tra lo sviluppatore immobiliare olandese Dutch Docklands e il governo delle Maldive, firmato dallo studio di architettura Waterstudio – è un tentativo di risolvere il problema dell’innalzamento del livello del mare, a cui le Maldive sono estremamente vulnerabili: l’arcipelago, composto da 1.190 isole che emergono per meno di un metro dal livello del mare, potrebbe essere completamente sommerso entro il 2100.

la città galleggiante alle maldive maldives floating city
courtesy Waterstudio

Dal punto di vista urbanistico, Maldives Floating City ha una forma che ricorda quella del corallo cerebrale e si compone di 5.000 unità galleggianti che ospiteranno case, ristoranti, negozi e scuole, collegate attraverso un sistema di ponti, canali e banchine. Ciascun modulo abitativo viene costruite in un cantiere navale locale, quindi rimorchiato e trasportato nella città galleggiante. Una volta posizionato, viene fissato a un grande scafo subacqueo in cemento ancorato al fondale tramite palafitte telescopiche in acciaio che gli permettono di fluttuare assecondando il moto ondoso.

Alcune unità sono già in via di completamento e i primi residenti potranno trasferirvisi all’inizio del 2024, mentre si prevede di completare l’intera città galleggiante entro la fine del 2027. Ogni residenza sarà affacciata sul mare, avrà una superficie che va dai 100 metri quadrati (a cui si aggiungono 40 metri quadri di terrazza sul tetto) in su e prezzi che partono dai 250 mila dollari.

L’impatto ambientale di questa città galleggiante “è stato rigorosamente valutato da esperti locali di coralli e approvato dalle autorità governative prima dell’inizio della costruzione” ha spiegato alla CNN Koen Olthuis, fondatore di Waterstudio.

la città galleggiante alle maldive maldives floating city
courtesy Waterstudio

Mesto prihodnosti že raste na morju #video

By I. H.

Maldive sestavlja več kot tisoč otokov in država ima že leta velike težave z naraščajočo gladino morja, ki je že pogoltnilo marsikatero človeško naselje. Število klimatskih beguncev naj bi se povečalo za več kot pol milijona v naslednjih letih. Zato je bila maldivijska vlada prisiljena ukrepati in kot odgovor na spremembe v naravi se je rodila ideja o plavajočem mestu.

Ta mesec bodo javnosti predstavili prve hiše v novem mestu na Maldivih, ki bo v celoti zgrajeno na morju, poroča CNN. Gre za prvi obsežni projekt lokalne vlade v boju z globalnim segrevanjem in naraščajočo gladino morja. Novo mesto, ki se bo nahajalo deset minut vožnje z ladjo od maldivijske prestolnice Male, bo do leta 2027 imelo več kot pet tisoč hiš in okoli 20 tisoč prebivalcev.

Novo mesto bo zgrajeno v laguni, ki je velika več kot 200 hektarjev. | Foto: waterstudioNovo mesto bo zgrajeno v laguni, ki je velika več kot 200 hektarjev. Foto: waterstudio

Plavajoče mesto

Država Maldivi, ki ima več kot tisoč otokov, ima že leta velike težave z naraščajočo gladino morja, ki je že pogoltnilo marsikatero človeško naselje. Število klimatskih beguncev naj bi se povečalo za več kot pol milijona v naslednjih letih. Zato je bila maldivijska vlada prisiljena ukrepati in kot odgovor na spremembe v naravi se je rodila ideja o plavajočem mestu. “Gre za novo upanje prebivalcev. Dokazali bomo, da lahko na vodni gladini postavimo varne domove po ugodni ceni,” je za CNN projekt komentiral glavni arhitekt mesta Koen Olthuis.

Novo mesto bo zgrajeno do leta 2027, zaenkrat ima le delovno ime "Maldives Floating City". | Foto: waterstudioNovo mesto bo zgrajeno do leta 2027, zaenkrat ima le delovno ime “Maldives Floating City”. Foto: waterstudio

Hiše in druge zgradbe, ki bodo tvorile novo mesto, zgradijo v za to prilagojeni ladjedelnici. Vse zgradbe potem z ladjami odvlečejo do mesta, kjer raste novo mesto, ter jih pritrdijo na dno morja s posebnimi teleskopskimi jeklenimi “hoduljami”. Te zgradbam omogočajo, da kljubujejo valovom in se le rahlo zibljejo z morjem. “Pri načrtovanju mesta smo upoštevali najstrožje standarde glede zaščite okolja. Eden izmed zelo pomembnih ciljev gradnje je vzpodbujanje rasti koral,” je poudaril Olthuis.

Mesto bo tudi samozadostno. Sonce bo zagotavljalo elektriko, vse odpadke bodo reciklirali in jih ponovno uporabili. Tako bodo vse kanalizacijske vode uporabili za gnojila za rastline. Namesto klimatskih naprav bodo iz globine morja črpali hladno vodo, ki bo ohlajevala celotno mesto.

Novo mesto bo imelo več kot pet tisoč hiš in okoli 20 tisoč prebivalcev | Foto: waterstudioNovo mesto bo imelo več kot pet tisoč hiš in okoli 20 tisoč prebivalcev Foto: waterstudio

Mesta na vodi rastejo po celem svetu

Samo v lanskem letu so poplave po celem svetu naredile za več kot 70 milijard evrov škode. Do leta 2030 bo zaradi poplav v nevarnosti za več kot 600 milijard evrov nepremičnin, ki se nahajajo v urbanih naseljiv. Zato ni čudno, da plavajoča mesta rastejo po celem svetu. V južnokorejskem Buzanu nameravajo zgraditi plavajoče mesto za deset tisoč ljudi, medtem ko v Estoniji načrtujejo kar plavajoče umetne otoke.

waterstudio | Foto: waterstudioFoto: waterstudio

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